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essex+co+cover.jpg The History of the Essex Company
Author(s): Mike Hearn
ISBN 978-1-4951-2764-9
Paperback

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Book Description:
Made possible with funding from Enel Green Power North America—the present day successors of the Essex Company—The History of the Essex Company is the story of dreams: dreams of a new, profitable city; dreams of a new life in America; dreams of a planned urban community that provides work, housing, and a quality of living not found in 19th century industrial Europe.

The Essex Company was formed by the Boston Associates in 1845 to build a “New City on the Merrimack”. This is the story of how they did it. The story is as much visual as it is written, just as the history of the company has been preserved through drawings and photographs as through writings and records. The company literally built a new city where one did not exist - rising up from farmlands at a point in the Merrimack Valley that afforded them the best chance to control the river. From their efforts the city of Lawrence, Massachusetts would emerge. The company, and the men that led it, would together experience the successes and challenges of the growth of their industrial enterprise.

Mike Hearn is the Director of Libraries at Northern Essex Community College in Haverhill and Lawrence, Massachusetts.


new_scholarship The Great Textile Strike of 1912: New Scholarship on the Bread & Roses Strike Temporarily Out of Stock
Editor(s): Robert Forrant and Jurg Siegenthaler
ISBN 978-1-4951-2764-9
Paperback
$25.00
Book Description:
In Lawrence, Massachusetts, fully one-half of the population 14 years of age or over is employed in the woolen and worsted mills and cotton mills. Thus begins the federal government's Report on Strike of Textile Workers in Lawrence, Massachusetts in 1912. This book follows up, one hundred years later. The story's retelling offers readers an exciting reexamination of just how powerful a united working class can be. The Great Lawrence Textile Strike of 1912—the Bread and Roses Strike—was a public protest by 20,000 to 25,000 immigrant workers from several countries, prompted by a wage cut. Backed by skillful neighborhood organizing, supported by hundreds of acts of solidarity, and unified by a commitment to respect every striker's nationality and language, the walkout spread across the city's densely packed tenements. Defying the assumptions of mill owners and conservative trade unionists alike that largely female and ethnically diverse workers could not be organized, the women activists, as one mill boss described them, were full of “lots of cunning and also lots of bad temper. They're everywhere, and it's getting worse all the time.” Events in Lawrence between January 11 and March 25, 1912, changed labor history. In this volume the authors tackle the strike story through new lenses and dispel assumptions that the citywide walkout was a spontaneous one led by outside agitators. They also discuss the importance of grasping the significance of events like the 1912 strike and engaging in the process of community remembrance.Intended Audience: This book appeals to a wide constituency. Most directly, it is of great relevance to historians of labor, industrialization, immigration, and the development of cities, as well as researchers studying social movements. The story of the Bread and Roses Strike resonates strongly with social justice supporters, the women's movement, advocates for children's well-being, and anti-poverty organizations. Social studies and college-level teachers will find it a rich resource. Graduate-level students will find inspiration for further research. The Bread and Roses strike has excellent name recognition and has always had a considerable international audience.

arcadia_b_r Images of America Series
Lawrence and the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike
Author(s): Dr. Robert Forrant, Susan Grabski

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Book Description:
Incorporated in 1847 on the banks of the Merrimack River, Lawrence, Massachusetts, was the final and most ambitious of New England’s planned textile-manufacturing cities developed by the Boston-area entrepreneurs who helped launch the American Industrial Revolution. With a dam and canal system to generate power, by 1912 Lawrence led the world in the production of worsted wool cloth. The Pacific Cotton Mills alone had sales of nearly $10 million and had mechanical equipment capable of producing 800 miles of finished textile fabrics every working day. However, industrial growth was accompanied by worsening health, housing, and working conditions for most of the city’s workers. These were the root causes that led to the long, sometimes violent struggle between people of diverse ethnic groups and languages and the city’s mill owners and overseers. The 1912 strike—known today as the Bread and Roses Strike—became a landmark moment in history.

voli.jpg Images of America Series
Lawrence, Massachusetts (Volume I)
Author(s): Eartha Dengler, Katherine Khalife, Ken Skulski

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Book Description:
Lawrence, Massachusetts is the first extensive photographic history of the city in over seventy-five years, and it offers more than two hundred fascinating images from the renowned Immigrant City Archives—many of them rare and previously unpublished. This fascinating visual history chronicles the growth of a city that began to rise from the plains of the Merrimack River in 1845. Conceived, financed, and managed by Yankee capitalists and designed to be a model town, Lawrence was among the earliest planned manufacturing communities in the country and it quickly became the largest woolen and worsted manufacturing center in the world. From the outset, Lawrence was the gateway to America for thousands of immigrants. Here, they found work, acquired skills, learned English, educated their young people, and eventually became citizens. By 1910, almost 90,000 people—representing 25 nationalities and speaking 40 languages—had made their home within the seven square miles that constitute Lawrence. Their unique story is told through images lovingly cherished in velvet photograph albums and old cardboard boxes, and gathered over the decades from the tenement attics and basements of those who actually lived the lives shown in these photographs. The images vividly portray America’s industrial and immigrant past, and show the lives, work, aspirations, pleasures, and sometimes the suffering, of the people who created the city of Lawrence.

volii.jpg Images of America Series
Lawrence, Massachusetts (Volume II)
Author(s): Ken Skulski

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Book Description:
In 1847, following much objection and lawlessness, the pioneer townsfolk of Lawrence were finally recognized in a charter signed by the governor of the Commonwealth. Known alternately as “The Immigrant City,” “The Friendly City,” and “The Woolen Worsted Capital of the World,” the city of Lawrence would thereafter become a crowded urban laboratory whose experiments were recorded around the globe. Issued during the sesquicentennial year of the town’s incorporation, this sequel volume revisits in greater detail the work and the leisure of the people of Lawrence from the advent of photography through the 1950s. The book’s focus on the everyday life of the common man reveals some lesser-known occupations—such as cigar maker and horse undertaker—as well as a heartiness and spirit unique to this diverse population. In addition, the book records the history of the busiest and best-known thoroughfares ever traveled in Lawrence, and concludes with a look at city landmarks that have been destroyed over the years.

gilded.jpg Images of America Series
Lawrence in the Gilded Age
Author(s): Louise Brady Sandberg

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Book Description:
The Gilded Age, c. 1870-1898, was a time of promise and expanding horizons for the people of Lawrence, known as "the Queen City on the Merrimack." Passenger trains, horse-drawn trolleys, and electric streetcars dominated transportation, one-third of the population worked in manufacturing, and thirteen newspapers brought the latest information to the city's burgeoning population of nearly sixty thousand people. Through unique images from the special collections of the Lawrence Public Library, rich commentary, and a virtual walking tour, Lawrence in the Gilded Age relives the last three decades of the nineteenth century in Lawrence, which had managed to avoid the labor strikes and political and social unrest that plagued the city in the early twentieth century.

police.jpg Images of America Series
Lawrence Police Department: Heroes Wear Blue
Author(s): Ronald J. DeSantis

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Book Description:
Lawrence Police Department: Heroes Wear Blue pictorially chronicles the history of the department from its inception through its first century to the present day. A compelling visual tour, not only for police and local historians, this collection offers a glimpse of society and how it has changed. Featuring the first known police officer in Lawrence, Massachusetts, as well as the Lawrence police officers who served in the Civil War in uniform, this volume also provides a rare glimpse of vintage police equipment that is now unlawful to use.

460376.jpg Bread and Roses: Mills, Migrants, and the Struggle for the American Dream
Author(s): Bruce Watson

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Book Description:
On January 12, 1912, an army of textile workers stormed out of the mills in Lawrence, Massachusetts, commencing what has since become known as the "Bread and Roses" strike. Based on newspaper accounts, magazine reportage, and oral histories, Watson reconstructs a Dickensian drama involving thousands of parading strikers from fifty-one nations, unforgettable acts of cruelty, and even a protracted murder trial that tested the boundaries of free speech. A rousing look at a seminal and overlooked chapter of the past, Bread and Roses is indispensable reading.

books.jpg Bread and Roses, Too
Author(s): Katherine Paterson

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Book Description:
Rosa’s mother is singing again, for the first time since Papa died in an accident in the mills. But instead of filling their cramped tenement apartment with Italian lullabies, Mamma is out on the streets singing union songs, and Rosa is terrified that her mother and older sister, Anna, are endangering their lives by marching against the corrupt mill owners. After all, didn’t Miss Finch tell the class that the strikers are nothing but rabble-rousers—an uneducated, violent mob? Suppose Mamma and Anna are jailed or, worse, killed? What will happen to Rosa and little Ricci? When Rosa is sent to Vermont with other children to live with strangers until the strike is over, she fears she will never see her family again. Then, on the train, a boy begs her to pretend that he is her brother. Alone and far from home, she agrees to protect him . . . even though she suspects that he is hiding some terrible secret. From a beloved, award-winning author, here is a moving story based on real events surrounding an infamous 1912 strike.

A Sacred Space cover.jpg A Sacred Space - St. Mary-Immaculate Conception Cemeteries and Chapel Mausoleum of Lawrence, Massachusetts
Author: Kathleen S. Flynn

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Book Description:
This publication was funded by The Catherine McCarthy Memorial Trust Fund. Research, Writing, and Photography by Kathleen S. Flynn.
The story of the St. Mary - Immaculate Conception Cemeteries is integrally bound with the story of the city of Lawrence, Massachusetts, and its Catholic residents. This is an ongoing story, celebrating successive Catholic immigrants groups which chose Lawrence as their new home, the place where they hoped to live out their American dream. The two cemeteries are adjacent, located in the northwestern section of the city. The Immaculate Conception Cemetery was established in 1847 and St. Mary's Cemetery in 1848 ...

mr. b's Mr. B's Sports Memories
Author(s): Frank Benjamin, compiled by Dalia Diaz

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Book Description:
The book features articles written by Mr. Benjamin that were published in Rumbo Newspaper from 2005-2016.

The proceeds from the sales of this book will go to Canal Street Gym (http://www.canalstreetboxinggym.com/), a place Mr. Benjamin greatly admires. Signed copies of the book are available.


books (1).jpg The Life and Death of Thelma Todd
Author(s): William Donati

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Book Description:
[Lawrence native] American film favorite Thelma Todd was much more than the beautiful blonde of the 1930s who played opposite Buster Keaton, Laurel and Hardy and the Marx Brothers. Todd's tragic death transformed her into an icon of Hollywood mystery: The photograph of the 29-year-old actress slumped in her luxurious Lincoln Phaeton shocked fans in 1935. How did she die? Was it murder, suicide, or an accident? This definitive biography covers a fascinating era in Hollywood history. In the course of his exhaustive research, the author interviewed Todd's cousins Bill and Edna Todd, as well as such friends and coworkers as Ida Lupino, Lina Basquette, Anita Garvin, Dorothy Granger, William Bakewell and Greg Blackton. Also examined is Hollywood's first major sex scandal of 1913, involving Jewel Carmen, the future spouse of director Roland West--the man Thelma Todd loved.

tenement_dwellers.jpg Tenement Dwellers, Anecdotes and Tales from my Old Neighborhood, Lawrence - My Hometown.
Author(s): Richard Edward Noble

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Book Description:
Tenement Dwellers is the second volume of anecdotes from my series of books about the old neighborhood and growing up in a collapsing, forgotten industrial mill town along the Eastern seaboard of the United States. Lawrence, Massachusetts was my hometown. It was seven square miles of three-decker tenement houses, housing projects, kids and congestion. It was schoolyards, churches, smokestacks, pool halls, back alleys, barrooms and mile after mile of abandoned, redbrick mill buildings.Life was difficult trying to raise oneself in such an environment. As I said in my first volume, "Just Hangin' Out, Ma," thank God for the street corners of Lawrence, Mass. and hangin' out.My best times growing up in the 40's, 50's and 60's in Lawrence were those many hours spent with my childhood buddies hangin' out on the street corners, shooting hoops in the schoolyards and just idling here and there.Lawrence was a forgotten town and we were its offspring. We were not only forgotten; we were ignored and avoided. But in that abandonment we kids found companionship and camaraderie. We discovered the intricacies of friendship, breaking chops and having fun. I have no definition of the term love other than friendship. I learned it as a tenement dweller hanging on the periphery of a social disaster with my buddies. I learned it hiding from the cold in a stranger's hall way, sitting on the wall up at the Howard playstead, shooting hoops under a streetlight or going out of my way to walk a buddy halfway home in a snow storm on a late evening. I've had a good life, making friends wherever I've gone and I'm still at it. Enjoy this book, my friends. If you don't learn anything from it, I do hope you at least get a few laughs.

come on.jpg Come On-a My House: Anecdotes and Tales from the Old Neighborhood, Lawrence - My Hometown
Author(s): Richard Edward Noble

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Book Description:
"Come On-A My House" is the fourth effort in my Lawrence – My Hometown series. Like the last three, this book contains varied anecdotes about the old neighborhood and the old gang. In it I try once again to create a picture of a time and a place and a neighborhood that once was but is no more. On the front cover of this volume I have a picture of the old tenement where I was raised. This is a very old picture of the structure at 32 Chelmsford Street in North Lawrence. It is the house as I remember it as a kid. Most of the folks in the photo are my relatives – grandmother, grandfather, uncles and aunts. This old homestead stands as another icon of my hometown as I remember it.My grandmother owned the building and it was passed down to one of her children, my Uncle Ray.But the song title, "Come On-A My House," is equally significant. The song was written by William Saroyan and a nephew of his while traveling cross country to visit a much beloved aunt. It was a nostalgic song reminiscent of all the ethnic foods and shared childhood delights that William and his nephew were lusting for upon arriving at auntie's house. This is a very common feeling for all of the folks raised in "The Immigrant City," my hometown of Lawrence, MA. One of the first books I ever read was written by William Saroyan and it was titled "My Name is Aram." It was a book very much like this Lawrence series of books that I've been putting together, ethnic in tone yet universal in its message. It has been my inspiration.

pemb..jpg Disaster in Lawrence: the Fall of Pemberton Mill
Author: Alvin F. Oickle

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Book Description:
The Destruction was Unimaginable. Workers in nearby factories watched with horror as the Pemberton Mill buckled and then collapsed, trapping more than six hundred workers, many of them women and children. Word of the disaster spread quickly and volunteers rushed to the scene. As survivors called out for help, a lantern fell, and within minutes fire engulfed the building, burning those trapped inside. It took days for rescuers to complete the grim task of removing the charred bodies of the dead. Alvin F. Oickle's riveting account illustrates why, nearly a century and a half later, the Pemberton collapse is still considered one of the worst industrial calamities in American history. Book jacket.

pemberton.jpg The Pemberton Casualties Temporarily Out of Stock
Author: Alvin F. Oickle
$20.00
Book Description:
It's been a century and a half since the country was rocked with the news that a "monster mill" in Lawrence, Massachusetts, collapsed while hundreds of employees were at work. The Pemberton Mill in 1860 was like others - huge, productive, but not safe for employees. The Pemberton Casualties tells the stories of the 1,003 men, women, and children - oh, so many children - who were to suffer and die in this disaster. On these pages, the reader will find the names of every one of the thousand. Charts show ages, addresses, and even their final month's wages. Genealogists will find this a gold mine awaiting their searching.

MIll Time cover.jpg Mill Time
Author: Ken Skulski; Photography: Doug Hartwell

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Book Description:
A concise historical review of certain events preceding and following construction of the Ayer Mill. It is dedicated to the donors of the 1991 Ayer Mill Clock Tower Restoration Project and to those individuals who spent their lives laboring in the mills. This booklet was made possible by a grant from the Catherine McCarthy Memorial Trust Fund.

books_1.jpg Strike
Author: Joseph J. Bakewell

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Book Description:
In Lawrence, Massachusetts, during the winter of 1912, all the members of two families, the Flanagans on the west side and the Petrellas on the east, had their lives disrupted by the Bread and Roses Strike, and were obliged to leave their jobs and homes to start anew. Paddy Flanagan and Maria Petrella thrown together by the strike and then torn apart must struggle against prejudice, time, an ocean, disease, and death to reclaim their love.

Photographs

Note: We have thousands of images in our collection that are available for re-print. About 10% may be viewed online at Digital Commonwealth Please contact reasearch@lawrencehistory.org/978-686-9230 for pricing and/or if you would like to make an appointment to come view the other 90% of our images!


Woman marchers_001.jpg Women Marchers (1912), Lawrence, Massachusetts (8" x 10")

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Photograph Description:
Copy print of women marchers during the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike, Lawrence, Massachusetts

Victory march_001_0.jpg Victory March (1912), Lawrence, Massachusetts (8" x 10")

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Photograph Description:
Copy print of crowd marching during the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike, Lawrence, Massachusetts

wallpaper_mural_sidewalk_assembly_sm.jpg Sidewalk Assembly at Canal and Appleton Streets (1912) (8" x 10")

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Photograph Description:
Copy print of spontaneous sidewalk assembly at Canal and Appleton Streets during the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike, Lawrence, Massachusetts.

common.jpg Strikers' Meeting on the Common, January 22, 1912 (8" x 10")

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Photograph Description:
Copy print of Strikers' Meeting on the Common, January 22, 1912, during the 1912 Bread and Roses Strike, Lawrence, Massachusetts.

lingier.jpg Marie Lingier, Prospect Mill, Lawrence, Massachusetts. (8" x 10")

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Photograph Description:
Copy print of Marie Lingier, a Belgium woman at the wheel of textile machinery in the Prospect Mill c. 1912.

tomacchiojpg.jpg Mary Tomacchio, Ayer Mill, Lawrence, Massachusetts. (8" x 10")

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Photograph Description:
Copy print of Mary Tomacchio, 15 years old at the Ayer Mill. She is the niece of Josephine Champy, the daughter of Ann Tomacchio, and the sister of James, Fred, Ann, and Mary, c. 1912.

Posters

fasa_poster.jpg Lawrence 1912: The Bread and Roses Strike (18" x 28")
Artist: Ralph Fasanella

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Poster Description:
Poster of Ralph Fasanella's painting, "Lawrence 1912: The Bread and Roses Strike." The original painting measures 45" x 90" and is on permanent display at the Lawrence Heritage State Park. Fasanella is famous for his colorful images of American working class. His interest in the history of the U.S. Labor movement attracted him to Lawrence, Massachusetts, where the Great Textile Strike of 1912 took place. There he painted for several years people, places, and events. A grateful city and U.S. Congress designated May 18, 1987, as Ralph Fasanella Day.

dam_poster.jpg A View of the Dam (14" x 17")
Poster

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Poster Description:
A View of the Great Stone Dam during construction in 1845. Courtesy of the Merrimack Valley Textile Museum (printed in commemoration of Lawrence Hydroelectric Project Groundbreaking, 10 June 1979.

Postcards

Strike of 1912 postcard.jpg Lawrence 1912: The Bread and Roses Strike (4" x 6")
Artist: Ralph Fasanella

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Postcard Description:
Postercard of Ralph Fasanella's painting, "Lawrence 1912: The Bread and Roses Strike." The original painting measures 45" x 90" and is on permanent display at the Lawrence Heritage State Park. Fasanella is famous for his colorful images of American working class. His interest in the history of the U.S. Labor movement attracted him to Lawrence, Massachusetts, where the Great Textile Strike of 1912 took place. There he painted for several years people, places, and events. A grateful city and U.S. Congress designated May 18, 1987, as Ralph Fasanella Day.

Ayer Mill Clock postcard.jpg Ayer Mill Clock Tower, Lawrence, Massachusetts (3.5" x 5.5")
Photo: Jonas Stundza

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Postcard Description:
The world's largest four-faced Mill Bell Clock Tower. The 40 ft. side brick tower stands 260 ft. The Merrimack Valley Communty Foundation resotred the clock an dbell in 1991 and the batten seam copper roof in 1999. Bell Maker: Schilmerich Carillons; Clock Restorers: The Balzer Family; Coppersmith: A&M Roofing & Sheetmetal Co. Inc.

City Hall postcard.jpg City Hall, Lawrence, Massachusetts (3.5" x 5.5")
Photo: Jonas Stundza

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Postcard Description:
Original building was constructed in 1849 and included this towe with clock, bell and eagle. the hall was enlarged in 1923 after a design by a prominent local architect, George G. Adams. During the Pemberton Mill Disaster in 1860, the hall served as morgue for the victims of the calamity.

Dam postcard.jpg Great Stone Dam, Lawrence, Massachusetts (3.5" x 5.5")
Photo: Jonas Stundza

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Postcard Description:
This granite dam across the Merrimack Rover, designed by Charles Storrow and constructed by Charles Bigelow, was erected by the Essex Company between 1845 and 1848 to provide water power for the textile industry. Site of hydroelectric power plant since 1981.

Common postcard.jpg Campagnone Common, Lawrence, Massachusetts (3.5" x 5.5")
Photo: Jonas Stundza

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Postcard Description:
The Essex Company, founder of Lawrence in 1845, donated this land tio the community and several monuments, including this World War II monument, have been erected here. The common was named to honor three Campagnone brothers killed during WWII.

Columbus postcard.jpg "Columbus Sighting America" Lawrence, Massachusetts (3.5" x 5.5")
Photo: Jonas Stundza

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Postcard Description:
Tapestry woven at Arlington Mills in Lawrence for Columbian Exposition in 1893, after painting by H.F. Pluddemann, Berlin 1836. Jacquard weaving donated by Lithuanian community to Lawrence Public Library. Original size: 78" x 47"

flag.jpg Lawrence Flag, Lawrence, Massachusetts (4" x 6")

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Postcard Description:
The white stripes represent the Spicket, Merrimack and Shawsheen Rivers and their respective courses. Lawrence was founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1953. The flag was adopted in 1903. Daniel W. Hoff, a teacher of penmanship in Lawrence, Mass., designed and flew the flag for the semi-centennial on June 1, 1903 which made the flag become the focal point for the 150th anniversary on 2003.

St Mary's Church postcard.jpg St. Mary's Church, Lawrence, Massachusetts (4" x 6")

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Postcard Description:

St. Joseph's Church postcard.jpg St. Joseph's Church, Lawrence, Massachusetts (4" x 6")

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Postcard Description:

Hours

Tue–Fri: 9am-4pm
Sat: By appt
Sun-Mon: Closed

Address

6 Essex Street
Lawrence, MA 01840
978-686-9230

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Mission

Founded in 1978 as the Immigrant City Archives, the mission of the Lawrence History Center is to collect, preserve, share, and animate the history and heritage of Lawrence and its people.